Sartana Sartana


The number of internet users fewer females than males, internet brings many benefits for women. Internet helps reconstruct people's views about gender. High encourage women to have equal footing with men; facilitate women to engage in activities in the context of the public sphere, has space for mengaktualisaikan themselves, as well as an opportunity  to  live  more  independently.  On  the  other  hand,  the Internet also raises new problems for women. Internet often becomes a medium for the occurrence of crime and violence against women. Such forms of violence in the form of a message containing the anger and hatred, harassment, threats, fraud, use of false identities, or stalking. From the description, it is necessary encouragement and support for women in order to use the Internet in a healthy and productive. In addition, women also need to be protected from various threats while interacting in the virtual world.



Keywords: cyberspace, gender, woman

Copyright © 2014 by Kafa`ah All right reserved

DOI : 10.15548/jk.v4i2.101

Full Text:



Carr, N. 2011. The Shallows : Internet mendangkalkan cara berfikir kita?. Bandung : Mizan

Christakis, N.A. Flower, J. H. 2010. Connected : Dasyatnya kekuatan jejaring sosial mengubah hidup kita. Diterjemahkan oleh Zia Anshor. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Fahmi, A.B. 2011. Mencerna Situs Jejaring Sosial. Jakarta : Elex Media Komputindo.

Hariyanto. 2009. Gender Dalam Konstruksi Media. KOMUNIKA. Vol.3 (2), 167-183

Helsper, E. 2010. Gendered internet use across generations and life stages. Communication research, 37 (3). pp. 352-374. ISSN 0093-6502

Hughes, D.M. 2001. “Globalization, Information Technology, and Sexual exploitation of Women and Children,” Rain and Thunder – A Radical Feminist Journal of Discussion and Activism, Issue #13, Winter 2001. Diunduh dari https://www.academia.edu, tanggal 2 Januari 2015

International Telecomunications Union (ITU). 2014. Mobile- broadband penetration approaching 32 per cent Three billion Internet users by end of this year. http://www.itu.int/net/pressoffice/press_releases/2014/23. Diunduh tanggal tanggal 31 Desember 2014.

Intel and Dalberg 2013.Women and the Web: Bridging the internet gap and creating new global opportunities in low and middle- income countries. http://www.intel.com. Diunduh tanggal 4 Januari 2015

ITU dan Unesco. 2013. Doubling Digital Opportunities : Enhancing the Inclusion of Women & Girls In the Information Society. A Report By The Broadband Commission Working Group On Broadband And Gender. Geneva : Unesco

Katz, J.E., Ronald E.R., dan Aspden, P. 2001. The Internet, 1995–2000. American Behavioral Scientist, 45, 405–19.

Fakih, M. 1996. Analisis Gender dan transformasi sosial. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Nielsen dan NM Incite. 2012. The social media report state of the media: 2012. http://www.nielsen.com/content/dam/corporate/ us/en/reports-Downloads/2012-Reports/The-Social-Media-Report-2012.pdf. Tanggal 31 Desember 2014.

Ono, H. & Madeline, M. 2003. Gender and the internet. Social Science Quarterly, 84 (1),111-121.

Price, M dan Dalgeish, J. 2009. Cyberbullying: Experinces, Impacts and Coping Strategy as Described by Australian Young People. Journal Youth Studies Australian, 29(2), 51-59.

Primo, N. 2003. Gender Issues in the information society. Paris : United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Renggana, R. S. 2008. Kesetaraan gender dan pemberdayaan perempuan dalam masyarakat teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (gender & tik). Makalah. Disampaikan pada Konferensi dan Temu Nasional Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi untuk Indonesia 21-23 Mei 2008, di Jakarta

Tapscott, D. 2009. Grown up digital : Yang muda yang mengubah dunia. Diterjemahkan oleh Fajariyanto dan Ridho Mukhlisin. Jakarta : Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Wahid, F. 2005. Apakah perempuan indonesia terbelakang dalam adopsi internet?: Temuan empiris. Teknoin,10 (3), 209-224

Willard, N. 2007. Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats : Responding to the Challenge of Online Social Aggression, Threats, and Distress. Mishawaka : Research Press.

William de. 2006. Gender bukan tabu : Catatan perjalanan fasilitasi kelompok perempuan di Jambi. Bogor : Center for International Forestry.

http://tekno.kompas.com/read/2011/01/23/12503713/Perempuan.Lebih.Dominan.di.Internet. Diunduh tanggal 31 Desember 2014

http://www.apjii.or.id/v2/read/page/halaman-data/9/statistik.html. Didownload tangga 30 Desember 2014.

http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2013/10/09/072520494/Tahun-Ini- Pengakses-Internet-Akan-Capai-27-Miliar. Didownload tanggal 03 Januari 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15548/jk.v4i2.101


  • There are currently no refbacks.




Free counters!

free hit counter

Creative Commons License
Kafa'ah: Journal of Gender Studies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright© 2019 - Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies