Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Terhadap Meningkatnya Orientasi Pembelajaran dan Kreativitas Guru
The principals competency and their ability in motivating the teacher as well making them creative are very crucial to meet school success. This study will look at which leadership styles are more suitable to be practiced in educational organizations, whether transformational or transactional leadership in improving teacher learning and creativity orientation. This research will also use gender as a moderator. This study uses quantitative methods with a population of 1,602 people from 56 High Schools in Pekanbaru. Sampling using stratified random sampling. Calculation of the number with N (population) = 1.602 then n (sample) = 310. Analyzer used is multiple linear regression. Findings: It has been found that transformational and transactional leadership influences the increasing orientation of teacher learning and creativity. But it has also been found that transformational leadership is greater in influencing the increasing orientation of teacher learning and creativity. That women is better than to headmaster than male.
Bai, Y., Lin, L., & Li, p.p. (2016). How to enable employee creativity in a team context: A cross–level mediating process of transformational leadership. Journal of Business Research, 69(9), 3240–3250.
Bass, B. and Avolio, B. (1990). The implications of transactional and transformational leadership for individual, team and organizational development. in Staw, B.M. and Cummings, L.L. (Eds), Research in Organizational Change and Development, JAI Press, Greenwich, CT, Vol. 4, pp. 231-272.
Bass, B. M. (1994). Transformational Leadership and Team and Organizational Decision-Making. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Bass, B.M. (1999). Two decades of research and development on transformational leadership. European Journal of Work & Organizational Psychology, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 9-32.
Bass, B.M. and Avolio, B.J. (1994). Improving organizational Effectiveness Through Transformational Leadership. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Bass, B.M. and Avolio, B.J. (1995). MLQ, Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, Mind Garden. Redwood City, CA.
Baum, J. and Locke, E. (2004). The relationship of entrepreneurial traits, skill, and motivation to subsequent venture growth. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 89 No. 4, pp. 587-98.
Bushra, F., Usman, A. and Naveed, A. (2011). Effect of transformational leadership on employees’ job satisfaction and organizational commitment in banking sector of Lahore (Pakistan). International Journal of Business and Social Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 18, pp. 261-267.
Ebrahimi., Chamanzamin., Roohbakhsh., and Jafar. (2017). Transformational and transactional leadership: Which one is more effective in the education of employees’ creativity? Considering the moderating role of learning orientation and leader gender. International Journal of Organizational Leadership 6 (2017) 137–156. AIMI journal.
Chu, L.C., & Lai, C.C. (2011). A research on the influence of leadership style and job characteristics on job performance among accountants of county and city government in Taiwan. Public Personnel Management, 40(2), 101–118. Coad
Joo, B. K. B., McLean, G. N., & Yang, B. (2013). Creativity and human resource development an integrative literature review and a conceptual framework for future research. Human Resource Development Review, 12(4), 390–421.
Jyoti and Dev. (2015). Impact of Transformational Leadership On Employee Creativity: The Role of Learning Orientation. Journal Of Asia Business Studies Vol. 9 NO. 1, 2015, pp. 78-98, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited, ISSN 1558-7894 DOI 10.1108/JABS-03-2014-0022.
Jung, D., Chan, F., Chen, G. and Chow, C. (2010). Chinese CEO’s leadership styles and ﬁrm performance. Journal of Asia Business Studies, Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 73-79.
Northouse, P. (2007), Leadership: Theory and Practice, 4th ed., Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Nusair., Ababneh., and Bae. (2012). The impact of transformational leadership style on innovation as perceived by public employees in Jordan. International Journal of Commerce and Management Vol. 22 No. 3, 2012 pp. 182-201 q Emerald Group Publishing Limited 1056-9219 DOI 10.1108/10569211211260283.
Odumeru, J. A., & Ifeanyi, G. O. (2013).Transformational vs transactional leadership theories: evidence in literature. International Review of Management and Business Research, 2(2), 355–361
Si, S., & Wei, F. (2012).Transformational and transactional leaderships, empowerment climate, and innovation performance:A multilevel analysis in the Chinese context. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 21(2), 299–320.
Shibru, B. and Darshan, G.M. (2011). Transformational leadership and its relationship with subordinate satisfaction with the leader: the case of leather industry in Ethiopia. Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, Vol. 3 No. 5, pp. 686-697.
Veiseh., Mohammadi., Pirzadian., and Sharafi. (2014). The Relation between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Culture (Case study: Medical school of Ilam). Journal of Business Studies Quarterly 2014, Volume 5, Number 3. ISSN 2152-1034.
Wang, L. H., Gurr, D., & Drysdale, L. (2016). Successful school leadership: case studies of four Singapore primary schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 54(3), 270–287.
Wang, P., & Rode, J. C. (2010). Transformational leadership and follower creativity: The moderating effects of identification with leader and organizational climate. Human Relations, 63(8), 1105–1128.
Wang, X., & Howell, J. M. (2010). Exploring the dual–level effects of transformational leadership on followers. Journal of Applied Psychology, 56(3), 1–11.
Yang, Y. (2014). Principals’ transformational leadership in school improvement. International Journal of Educational Management, 28(3), 279–288.
Zhou, J., & Shalley, C. E. (2008). Handbook of organizational creativity, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New York.
- There are currently no refbacks.