PEREMPUAN BEPERGIAN TANPA MAHRAM (Studi Kasus Dekrit Kerajaan Arab Saudi Nomor M/134 Tahun 2019)

Firqah Annajiyah Mansyuroh

Abstract


This paper departs from the problem of why the government of Saudi Arabia changed its policy on women's rights in the public sphere by using case study No. Royal Decree No. M/134 of 2019 concerning lifting of the ban on women traveling without mahram. This is interesting because Saudi Arabia is a country that is notorious for not allowing women to travel without male relatives. This is due to the social conditions of Saudi Arabia's society which are very closely related to the culture of the Patriarchy which constructs the thought of the division of roles between women and men. Seeing this fact, a comprehensive explanation is needed to explain the reasons behind the Saudi government's decision in the current situation. This research explores the factors that hold up the decision made using the feminism approach and analyzes the relationship between social change theory and legal reform. The main factor of women's freedom to travel without mahram is undeniably driven by the influence of economic and social changes. Enforcement of a country's policy will not be separated from the ruler's strategy in realizing what the country's ideals. This is because the Saudis want their 2030 Vision to be achieved. To prove the efforts of modernization, openness and moderate Islam that are taking place in Arabia, one of which is to attract the issue of women and gender as an effective step to package negative issues that have been a stigma over the region. They hope for the role of women to become one of the agencies that encourages social change in the existing structure.


Keywords


Gender, equality, law, decree, woman.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15548/jk.v10i1.316

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